Answer A is Incorrect, Try Again


Answer B is Incorrect, Try Again


Answer C is Incorrect, Try Again


Answer A is correct. Part 1 Definitions and Abbreviations, Section 1.1
Category: As used with respect to the certification of aircraft, means a grouping based upon use or limitations. Examples include: transport, normal, utility, acrobatic, limited, restricted, and provisional.

Answer B is correct. Part 1 Definitions and Abbreviations, Section 1.1
Class: As used with respect to the certification ... of airmen, means a classification of aircraft within a category. Examples include: single engine; multiengine; land; sea; gyroplane; helicopter; airship; and free balloon.

Answer A is correct. Part 1 Definitions and Abbreviations, Section 1.1
Class: As used with respect to the certification of aircraft, means a broad grouping having similar characteristics. Examples include: airplane; rotorcraft; glider; balloon; landplane; and seaplane..

Answer C is correct. Part 43 Maintenance & Preventive Maintenance, Section 43.9(a)
... each person who maintains, performs preventive maintenance, ... shall make an entry in the maintenance record of that equipment containing the following information:(1) A description of work performed; (2) The date of completion of the work; (3) The name of the person performing the work; (4)... the signature, certificate number, and kind of certificate held by the person approving the work.

Answer B is correct. Part 43 Maintenance & Preventive Maintenance, Section 43 App A(c)
Preventive maintenance is limited to the following work: (8) Replenishing hydraulic fluid in the hydraulic reservoir.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.3(a)(c)
(a) Pilot certificate. A person may not act as pilot in command ..., unless that person has a valid pilot certificate ... in that person's physical possession or readily accessible in the aircraft when exercising the privileges of that pilot certificate. (c) Medical certificate. (2) A person is not required to meet the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section if that person-- (i) Is exercising the privileges of a student pilot certificate while seeking a pilot certificate with a glider category rating; (iii) Is holding a pilot certificate or a flight instructor certificate with a glider category rating, and is piloting or providing training in a glider.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.60
The holder of a pilot, flight instructor, or ground instructor certificate who has made a change in permanent mailing address may not, after 30 days from that date, exercise the privileges of the certificate unless the holder has notified in writing the FAA.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.56(c)(d)(e)
... no person may act as pilot in command of an aircraft unless, since the beginning of the 24th calendar month before the month in which that pilot acts as pilot in command, that person has-- Accomplished a flight review given in an aircraft for which that pilot is rated by an authorized instructor;... passed a pilot proficiency check conducted by an examiner, an approved pilot check airman, or a U.S. Armed Force, for a pilot certificate, rating, or operating privilege; ... satisfactorily accomplished one or more phases of an FAA-sponsored pilot proficiency award program.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.3(a)(c)
(a) Pilot certificate. A person may not act as pilot in command ..., unless that person has a valid pilot certificate ... in that person's physical possession or readily accessible in the aircraft when exercising the privileges of that pilot certificate. (c) Medical certificate. (2) A person is not required to meet the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section if that person-- (i) Is exercising the privileges of a student pilot certificate while seeking a pilot certificate with a glider category rating; (iii) Is holding a pilot certificate or a flight instructor certificate with a glider category rating, and is piloting or providing training in a glider.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.15(e)
Each person holding a certificate issued under this part shall provide a written report of each motor vehicle action to the FAA, Civil Aviation Security Division, not later than 60 days after the motor vehicle action.

Answer B is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.113(d)
A private pilot may act as pilot in command of an aircraft used in a passenger-carrying airlift sponsored by a charitable organization ... and for which the passengers make a donation to the organization.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.9(a)
... no person may operate a civil aircraft without complying with the operating limitations specified in the approved Airplane or Rotorcraft Flight Manual, markings, and placards.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.17(a)
No person may act or attempt to act as a crewmember of a civil aircraft-- (1) Within 8 hours after the consumption of any alcoholic beverage; (2) While under the influence of alcohol; (3) While using any drug that affects the person's faculties in any way contrary to safety; or (4) While having .04 percent by weight or more alcohol in the blood.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.17(b)
Except in an emergency, no pilot of a civil aircraft may allow a person who appears to be intoxicated or who demonstrates by manner or physical indications that the individual is under the influence of drugs (except a medical patient under proper care) to be carried in that aircraft.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.17(a)
No person may act or attempt to act as a crewmember of a civil aircraft-- (1) Within 8 hours after the consumption of any alcoholic beverage; (2) While under the influence of alcohol; (3) While using any drug that affects the person's faculties in any way contrary to safety; or (4) While having .04 percent by weight or more alcohol in the blood.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.3(a)
The pilot in command of an aircraft is directly responsible for, and is the final authority as to, the operation of that aircraft.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.3(b)
In an in-flight emergency requiring immediate action, the pilot in command may deviate from any rule of this part to the extent required to meet that emergency.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.15
No pilot in command of a civil aircraft may allow any object to be dropped from that aircraft in flight that creates a hazard to persons or property. However, this section does not prohibit the dropping of any object if reasonable precautions are taken to avoid injury or damage to persons or property.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.105(a)(b)
During takeoff and landing, and while en route, each required flight crewmember shall-- Keep the safety belt fastened while at the crewmember station. ... Each required flight crewmember of a U.S.-registered civil aircraft shall, during takeoff and landing, keep his or her shoulder harness fastened while at his or her assigned duty station.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.103(b)
Each pilot in command shall, before beginning a flight, become familiar with all available information concerning that flight. This information must include-- For any flight, runway lengths at airports of intended use, and the following takeoff and landing distance information: ... appropriate to the aircraft, relating to aircraft performance under expected values of airport elevation and runway slope, aircraft gross weight, and wind and temperature.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.103(b)
Each pilot in command shall, before beginning a flight, become familiar with all available information concerning that flight. This information must include-- For any flight, runway lengths at airports of intended use, and the following takeoff and landing distance information: ... appropriate to the aircraft, relating to aircraft performance under expected values of airport elevation and runway slope, aircraft gross weight, and wind and temperature.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.107(a)
No pilot may take off a U.S.-registered civil aircraft ... unless each person on board is briefed on how to fasten and unfasten that person's safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness. No pilot may cause to be moved on the surface, take off, or land ... unless each person on board has been notified to fasten his or her safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness. ... each person on board ... must occupy an approved seat or berth with a safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness, properly secured about him or her during movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.103(a)
Each pilot in command shall, before beginning a flight, become familiar with all available information concerning that flight. This information must include-- For a flight ... not in the vicinity of an airport, weather reports and forecasts, fuel requirements, alternatives available if the planned flight cannot be completed, and any known traffic delays.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.107(a)
No pilot may take off a U.S.-registered civil aircraft ... unless each person on board is briefed on how to fasten and unfasten that person's safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness. No pilot may cause to be moved on the surface, take off, or land ... unless each person on board has been notified to fasten his or her safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness. ... each person on board ... must occupy an approved seat or berth with a safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness, properly secured about him or her during movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.3(a)
The pilot in command of an aircraft is directly responsible for, and is the final authority as to, the operation of that aircraft.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.3(c)
Each pilot in command who deviates from a rule under paragraph (b) of this section shall, upon the request of the Administrator, send a written report of that deviation to the Administrator.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.123(d)
Each pilot in command who (though not deviating from a rule of this subpart) is given priority by ATC in an emergency, shall submit a detailed report of that emergency within 48 hours to the manager of that ATC facility, if requested by ATC.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.123(d)
Each pilot in command who (though not deviating from a rule of this subpart) is given priority by ATC in an emergency, shall submit a detailed report of that emergency within 48 hours to the manager of that ATC facility, if requested by ATC.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.123(a)
When an ATC clearance has been obtained, no pilot in command may deviate from that clearance unless an amended clearance is obtained, an emergency exists, or the deviation is in response to a traffic alert and collision avoidance system resolution advisory.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.203(a)
no person may operate a civil aircraft unless it has within it the following: An appropriate and current airworthiness certificate. An effective U.S. registration certificate.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.303
No person may operate an aircraft in aerobatic flight-- Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement; Over an open air assembly of persons; Within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace designated for an airport; Within 4 nautical miles of the center line of any Federal airway; Below an altitude of 1,500 feet above the surface; or When flight visibility is less than 3 statute miles.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.303
No person may operate an aircraft in aerobatic flight-- Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement; Over an open air assembly of persons; Within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace designated for an airport; Within 4 nautical miles of the center line of any Federal airway; Below an altitude of 1,500 feet above the surface; or When flight visibility is less than 3 statute miles.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.303
No person may operate an aircraft in aerobatic flight-- Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement; Over an open air assembly of persons; Within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace designated for an airport; Within 4 nautical miles of the center line of any Federal airway; Below an altitude of 1,500 feet above the surface; or When flight visibility is less than 3 statute miles.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.313(e)
no person may operate a restricted category civil aircraft within the United States-- Over a densely populated area; In a congested airway; or Near a busy airport where passenger transport operations are conducted.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.319(c)
Unless otherwise authorized by the Administrator in special operating limitations, no person may operate an aircraft that has an experimental certificate over a densely populated area or in a congested airway.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.407(b)
No person may carry any person (other than crewmembers) in an aircraft that has been maintained, rebuilt, or altered in a manner that may have appreciably changed its flight characteristics or substantially affected its operation in flight until ... at least a private pilot ... flies the aircraft, makes an operational check ..., and logs the flight in the aircraft records.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.405(b)
Each owner or operator of an aircraft-- ... Shall ensure that maintenance personnel make appropriate entries in the aircraft maintenance records indicating the aircraft has been approved for return to service.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.409(b)
... no person may operate an aircraft carrying any person (other than a crewmember) for hire, and no person may give flight instruction for hire in an aircraft which that person provides, unless within the preceding 100 hours of time in service the aircraft has received an annual or 100-hour inspection ... The 100-hour limitation may be exceeded by not more than 10 hours while en route to reach a place where the inspection can be done. The excess time used to reach a place where the inspection can be done must be included in computing the next 100 hours of time in service.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.403(a)
The owner or operator of an aircraft is primarily responsible for maintaining that aircraft in an airworthy condition, including compliance with part 39 (Airworthiness Directives) of this chapter.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.409(a)
No inspection performed under paragraph (b)(100 hour inspections) of this section may be substituted for any inspection required by this paragraph (annual inspections) unless it is performed by a person authorized to perform annual inspections and is entered as an "annual" inspection in the required maintenance records.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.409(a)
no person may operate an aircraft unless, within the preceding 12 calendar months, it has had-- An annual inspection in accordance with part 43 of this chapter and has been approved for return to service by a person authorized by Sec. 43.7 of this chapter.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.417(a)(2)
... each registered owner or operator shall keep ... The current status of applicable airworthiness directives (AD) including, for each, the method of compliance, the AD number, and revision date. If the AD involves recurring action, the time and date when the next action is required.

Answer C is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.5(a)(b)
The operator of any civil aircraft ... shall immediately ... notify the nearest NTSB field office when: An aircraft accident or any of the following incidents occur: Flight control system malfunction or failure; Inability of ... flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties ...; In-flight fire; Aircraft collide in flight; Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 ...; An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.

Answer A is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.5(a)(b)
The operator of any civil aircraft ... shall immediately ... notify the nearest NTSB field office when: An aircraft accident or any of the following incidents occur: Flight control system malfunction or failure; Inability of ... flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties ...; In-flight fire; Aircraft collide in flight; Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 ...; An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.

Answer B is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.10(b)
Prior to the time the Board ... takes custody of aircraft wreckage ... such wreckage ... may not be disturbed or moved except to the extent necessary: To remove persons injured or trapped; To protect the wreckage from further damage; or To protect the public from injury.

Answer C is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.15(a)
The operator of a civil ... aircraft shall file a report ... within 10 days after an accident, or after 7 days if an overdue aircraft is still missing. A report on an incident for which immediate notification is required ... shall be filed only as requested by an authorized representative of the Board.

Answer A is correct. AC 61-23 Pilotís Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Page 2-18
The registered owner of an aircraft is responsible for certain items such as: Maintaining the aircraft in an airworthy condition including compliance with applicable Airworthiness Directives.

Answer A is correct. FAA-H-8083-25 Pilotís Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Page 7-8
The preflight inspection is a thorough and systematic means by which a pilot determines if the aircraft is airworthy and in condition for safe operation.

Answer B is correct. FAA-H-8083-25 Pilotís Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Page 15-5
The body cannot distinguish between acceleration forces due to gravity and those resulting from maneuvering the aircraft, which can lead to sensory illusions and false impressions of the aircraft's orientation and movement.

Answer A is correct. AIM Aeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 7-4-6(b)
Pilots are requested to maintain a minimum altitude of 2,000 feet above the surface of ... National Parks ... National Wildlife Refuges ... Wilderness and Primitive areas.

Answer B is correct. AIM Aeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 7-4-6(b)
Pilots are requested to maintain a minimum altitude of 2,000 feet above the surface of ... National Parks ... National Wildlife Refuges ... Wilderness and Primitive areas.

Answer A is correct. AIM Aeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 8-1-3(a)
Hyperventilation, or an abnormal increase in the volume of air breathed in and out of the lungs, can occur subconsciously when a stressful situation is encountered in flight. As hyperventilation "blows off" excess carbon dioxide from the body, a pilot can experience symptoms of lightheadedness, suffocation, drowsiness, tingling in the extremities and coolness.

Answer A is correct. AIM Aeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 8-1-5(b)(1)
Various complex motions and forces and certain visual scenes encountered in flight can create illusions of motion and position. Spatial disorientation from these illusions can be prevented only by visual reference to reliable, fixed points on the ground or to flight instruments.

Answer B is correct. AIM Aeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 8-1-5(b)(1)
Various complex motions and forces and certain visual scenes encountered in flight can create illusions of motion and position. Spatial disorientation from these illusions can be prevented only by visual reference to reliable, fixed points on the ground or to flight instruments.

Answer B is correct. ADDITIONAL ADVISORY CIRCULARS, Section 5
These publications are for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office.

Answer B is correct. ADDITIONAL ADVISORY CIRCULARS, Section APPENDIX 2
NumberSubject
60AIRMEN
70AIRSPACE
90AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES

Answer A is correct. ADDITIONAL ADVISORY CIRCULARS, Section APPENDIX 2
NumberSubject
60AIRMEN
70AIRSPACE
90AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES

Answer C is correct. ADDITIONAL ADVISORY CIRCULARS, Section APPENDIX 2
NumberSubject
60AIRMEN
70AIRSPACE
90AIR TRAFFIC AND GENERAL OPERATING RULES

Answer C is correct. Part 1 Definitions and Abbreviations, Section 1.1
Commercial operator means a person who, for compensation or hire, engages in the carriage by aircraft in air commerce of persons or property, other than as an air carrier.

Answer C is correct. Part 1 Definitions and Abbreviations, Section 1.1
Operate, with respect to aircraft, means use, cause to use or authorize to use aircraft, for the purpose of air navigation, including the piloting of aircraft.

Answer C is correct. Part 1 Definitions and Abbreviations, Section 1.1
Operational control, with respect to flight, means the exercise of authority over initiating, conducting or terminating flight.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.5(b)
(2) Airplane class ratings-- (i) Single-engine land. (ii) Multiengine land. (iii) Single-engine sea. (iv) Multiengine sea. (3) Rotorcraft class ratings-- (i) Helicopter. (ii) Gyroplane. (4) Lighter-than-air class ratings-- (i) Airship. (ii) Balloon.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.60
The holder of a pilot, flight instructor, or ground instructor certificate who has made a change in permanent mailing address may not, after 30 days from that date, exercise the privileges of the certificate unless the holder has notified in writing the FAA.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.15(b)
Committing an act prohibited by Sec. 91.17(a) or Sec. 91.19(a) of this chapter is grounds for: (1) Denial of an application for a certificate, rating, or authorization for a period of up to 1 year after the date of that act; or (2) Suspension or revocation of any certificate, rating, or authorization.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.15(a)
A conviction for the violation of any Federal or State statute relating to the growing, processing, manufacture, sale, disposition, possession, transportation, or importation of narcotic drugs is grounds for: (1) Denial of an application for any certificate, rating, or authorization for a period of up to 1 year after the date of final conviction; or (2) Suspension or revocation of any certificate, rating, or authorization.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.15(e)
Each person holding a certificate issued under this part shall provide a written report of each motor vehicle action to the FAA, Civil Aviation Security Division, not later than 60 days after the motor vehicle action.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.51(a)
Each person must document and record the following time in a manner acceptable to the Administrator: (1) Training and aeronautical experience used to meet the requirements for a certificate, rating, or flight review of this part. (2) The aeronautical experience required for meeting the recent flight experience requirements of this part.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.31(c)
Unless a person holds a category, class, and type rating that applies to the aircraft, that person may not act as pilot in command of an aircraft that is carrying another person, or is operated for compensation or hire.

Answer B is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.3(a)(c)
(a) Pilot certificate. A person may not act as pilot in command ..., unless that person has a valid pilot certificate ... in that person's physical possession or readily accessible in the aircraft when exercising the privileges of that pilot certificate. (c) Medical certificate. (2) A person is not required to meet the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section if that person-- (i) Is exercising the privileges of a student pilot certificate while seeking a pilot certificate with a glider category rating; (iii) Is holding a pilot certificate or a flight instructor certificate with a glider category rating, and is piloting or providing training in a glider.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.3(a)(c)
(a) Pilot certificate. A person may not act as pilot in command ..., unless that person has a valid pilot certificate ... in that person's physical possession or readily accessible in the aircraft when exercising the privileges of that pilot certificate. (c) Medical certificate. (2) A person is not required to meet the requirements of paragraph (c)(1) of this section if that person-- (i) Is exercising the privileges of a student pilot certificate while seeking a pilot certificate with a glider category rating; (iii) Is holding a pilot certificate or a flight instructor certificate with a glider category rating, and is piloting or providing training in a glider.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.56(c)(d)(e)
... no person may act as pilot in command of an aircraft unless, since the beginning of the 24th calendar month before the month in which that pilot acts as pilot in command, that person has-- Accomplished a flight review given in an aircraft for which that pilot is rated by an authorized instructor;... passed a pilot proficiency check conducted by an examiner, an approved pilot check airman, or a U.S. Armed Force, for a pilot certificate, rating, or operating privilege; ... satisfactorily accomplished one or more phases of an FAA-sponsored pilot proficiency award program.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.19(c)
A pilot certificate (other than a student pilot certificate) issued under this part is issued without a specific expiration date.

Answer B is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.133(a)(1)(i)
A person who holds a commercial pilot certificate may act as pilot in command of an aircraft-- Carrying persons or property for compensation or hire, provided the person is qualified in accordance with this part and with the applicable parts of this chapter that apply to the operation.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.133(a)(1)(ii)
A person who holds a commercial pilot certificate may act as pilot in command of an aircraft-- For compensation or hire, provided the person is qualified in accordance with this part and with the applicable parts of this chapter that apply to the operation.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.15
No pilot in command of a civil aircraft may allow any object to be dropped from that aircraft in flight that creates a hazard to persons or property. However, this section does not prohibit the dropping of any object if reasonable precautions are taken to avoid injury or damage to persons or property.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.3(c)
Each pilot in command who deviates from a rule under paragraph (b) of this section shall, upon the request of the Administrator, send a written report of that deviation to the Administrator.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.3(a)
The pilot in command of an aircraft is directly responsible for, and is the final authority as to, the operation of that aircraft.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.105(a)(b)
During takeoff and landing, and while en route, each required flight crewmember shall-- Keep the safety belt fastened while at the crewmember station. ... Each required flight crewmember of a U.S.-registered civil aircraft shall, during takeoff and landing, keep his or her shoulder harness fastened while at his or her assigned duty station.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.105(a)(b)
During takeoff and landing, and while en route, each required flight crewmember shall-- Keep the safety belt fastened while at the crewmember station. ... Each required flight crewmember of a U.S.-registered civil aircraft shall, during takeoff and landing, keep his or her shoulder harness fastened while at his or her assigned duty station.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.123(a)
When an ATC clearance has been obtained, no pilot in command may deviate from that clearance unless an amended clearance is obtained, an emergency exists, or the deviation is in response to a traffic alert and collision avoidance system resolution advisory.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.209(a)
No person may: During the period from sunset to sunrise (or, in Alaska, during the period a prominent unlighted object cannot be seen from a distance of 3 statute miles or the sun is more than 6 degrees below the horizon)-- Operate an aircraft unless it has lighted position lights.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.303
No person may operate an aircraft in aerobatic flight-- Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement; Over an open air assembly of persons; Within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace designated for an airport; Within 4 nautical miles of the center line of any Federal airway; Below an altitude of 1,500 feet above the surface; or When flight visibility is less than 3 statute miles.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.315
No person may operate a limited category civil aircraft carrying persons or property for compensation or hire.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.319(a)
No person may operate an aircraft that has an experimental certificate-- For other than the purpose for which the certificate was issued; or Carrying persons or property for compensation or hire.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.409(a)
No inspection performed under paragraph (b)(100 hour inspections) of this section may be substituted for any inspection required by this paragraph (annual inspections) unless it is performed by a person authorized to perform annual inspections and is entered as an "annual" inspection in the required maintenance records.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.403(a)
The owner or operator of an aircraft is primarily responsible for maintaining that aircraft in an airworthy condition, including compliance with part 39 (Airworthiness Directives) of this chapter.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.403(a)
The owner or operator of an aircraft is primarily responsible for maintaining that aircraft in an airworthy condition, including compliance with part 39 (Airworthiness Directives) of this chapter.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.409(a)
No inspection performed under paragraph (b)(100 hour inspections) of this section may be substituted for any inspection required by this paragraph (annual inspections) unless it is performed by a person authorized to perform annual inspections and is entered as an "annual" inspection in the required maintenance records.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.405(a)
Each owner or operator of an aircraft-- Shall have that aircraft inspected as prescribed in subpart E of this part and shall between required inspections, have discrepancies repaired as prescribed in part 43 of this chapter.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.407(b)
No person may carry any person (other than crewmembers) in an aircraft that has been maintained, rebuilt, or altered in a manner that may have appreciably changed its flight characteristics or substantially affected its operation in flight until ... at least a private pilot ... flies the aircraft, makes an operational check ..., and logs the flight in the aircraft records.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.403(a)
The owner or operator of an aircraft is primarily responsible for maintaining that aircraft in an airworthy condition, including compliance with part 39 (Airworthiness Directives) of this chapter.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.417(a)(1)
... each registered owner or operator shall keep ... Records of the maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration and records of the 100-hour, annual, progressive, and other required or approved inspections, as appropriate, for each aircraft.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.409(b)
... no person may operate an aircraft carrying any person (other than a crewmember) for hire, and no person may give flight instruction for hire in an aircraft which that person provides, unless within the preceding 100 hours of time in service the aircraft has received an annual or 100-hour inspection ... The 100-hour limitation may be exceeded by not more than 10 hours while en route to reach a place where the inspection can be done. The excess time used to reach a place where the inspection can be done must be included in computing the next 100 hours of time in service.

Answer C is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.2
Substantial damage means damage or failure which adversely affects the structural strength, performance, or flight characteristics of the aircraft.

Answer C is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.5(a)(b)
The operator of any civil aircraft ... shall immediately ... notify the nearest NTSB field office when: An aircraft accident or any of the following incidents occur: Flight control system malfunction or failure; Inability of ... flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties ...; In-flight fire; Aircraft collide in flight; Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 ...; An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.

Answer B is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.5(a)(b)
The operator of any civil aircraft ... shall immediately ... notify the nearest NTSB field office when: An aircraft accident or any of the following incidents occur: Flight control system malfunction or failure; Inability of ... flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties ...; In-flight fire; Aircraft collide in flight; Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 ...; An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.

Answer A is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.5(a)(b)
The operator of any civil aircraft ... shall immediately ... notify the nearest NTSB field office when: An aircraft accident or any of the following incidents occur: Flight control system malfunction or failure; Inability of ... flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties ...; In-flight fire; Aircraft collide in flight; Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 ...; An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.

Answer A is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.5(a)(b)
The operator of any civil aircraft ... shall immediately ... notify the nearest NTSB field office when: An aircraft accident or any of the following incidents occur: Flight control system malfunction or failure; Inability of ... flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties ...; In-flight fire; Aircraft collide in flight; Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 ...; An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.

Answer A is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.5(a)(b)
The operator of any civil aircraft ... shall immediately ... notify the nearest NTSB field office when: An aircraft accident or any of the following incidents occur: Flight control system malfunction or failure; Inability of ... flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties ...; In-flight fire; Aircraft collide in flight; Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 ...; An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.

Answer C is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.15(a)
The operator of a civil ... aircraft shall file a report ... within 10 days after an accident, or after 7 days if an overdue aircraft is still missing. A report on an incident for which immediate notification is required ... shall be filed only as requested by an authorized representative of the Board.

Answer C is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.15(a)
The operator of a civil ... aircraft shall file a report ... within 10 days after an accident, or after 7 days if an overdue aircraft is still missing. A report on an incident for which immediate notification is required ... shall be filed only as requested by an authorized representative of the Board.

Answer C is correct. AIM Aeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 8-1-1(d)(1)
As little as one ounce of liquor, one bottle of beer or four ounces of wine can impair flying skills. Alcohol also renders a pilot more susceptible to disorientation and hypoxia.

Answer C is correct. Part 1 Definitions and Abbreviations, Section 1.1
Operational control, with respect to flight, means the exercise of authority over initiating, conducting or terminating flight.

Answer A is correct. Part 1 Definitions and Abbreviations, Section 1.1
Crewmember means a person assigned to perform duty in an aircraft during flight time.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.56(a)(b)
... a flight review consists of a minimum of 1 hour of flight training and 1 hour of ground training. The review must include: (1) A review of the current general operating and flight rules of part 91 of this chapter; and (2) A review of those maneuvers and procedures that, at the discretion of the person giving the review, are necessary for the pilot to demonstrate the safe exercise of the privileges of the pilot certificate. (b) Glider pilots may substitute a minimum of three instructional flights in a glider, each of which includes a flight to traffic pattern altitude, in lieu of the 1 hour of flight training.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.35(a)
An applicant for a knowledge test must have: (1) Received an endorsement from an authorized instructor certifying that the applicant accomplished the appropriate ground training or a home-study course for the certificate or rating sought and is prepared for the knowledge test; and (2) Proper identification at the time of application.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.19(b)
Student pilot certificate. A student pilot certificate expires 24 calendar months from the month in which it is issued.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.37(c)
Any certificate or rating held by an applicant may be suspended or revoked if the Administrator finds that person has committed an act prohibited by paragraph (a) of this section.

Answer B is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.13(d)
...a person whose pilot, flight instructor, or ground instructor certificate has been suspended may not apply for any certificate, rating, or authorization during the period of suspension.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.49(a)
An applicant for a knowledge or practical test who fails that test may reapply for the test only after the applicant has received: The necessary training from an authorized instructor who has determined that the applicant is proficient to pass the test; and An endorsement from an authorized instructor who gave the applicant the additional training.

Answer B is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.51(a)
Each person must document and record the following time in a manner acceptable to the Administrator: (1) Training and aeronautical experience used to meet the requirements for a certificate, rating, or flight review of this part. (2) The aeronautical experience required for meeting the recent flight experience requirements of this part.

Answer A is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.63(b)(5)
An applicant who holds a pilot certificate and applies to add a category rating to that pilot certificate:... Need not take an additional knowledge test, provided the applicant holds an airplane, rotorcraft, powered-lift, or airship rating at that pilot certificate level.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.87(b)(2)
The student's authorized instructor must-- Administer the test; and At the conclusion of the test, review all incorrect answers with the student before authorizing that student to conduct a solo flight.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.87(l)
A student pilot may not operate an aircraft in solo flight unless that student pilot has received: An endorsement from an authorized instructor on his or her student pilot certificate for the specific make and model aircraft to be flown; and An endorsement in the student's logbook for the specific make and model aircraft to be flown ... within the 90 days preceding the date of the flight.

Answer B is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.93(c)
A student pilot must have a solo cross-country endorsement from the authorized instructor who conducted the training, ... on that person's student pilot certificate for the specific category of aircraft to be flown. ... For each cross-country flight, the authorized instructor who reviews the cross-country planning must make an endorsement in the person's logbook ... that the student's preflight planning and preparation is correct and that the student is prepared to make the flight safely.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.195(h)(2)
... a flight instructor who provides training to an initial applicant for a flight instructor certificate must-- Have held a flight instructor certificate for at least 24 months; For training in preparation for a glider rating, have given at least 80 hours of flight training as a flight instructor.

Answer C is correct. Part 61 Certification: Pilots & Instructors, Section 61.189(c)
Each flight instructor must retain the records required by this section for at least 3 years.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.9(b)
No person may operate a U.S.-registered civil aircraft-- ... unless there is available in the aircraft a current approved Airplane or Rotorcraft Flight Manual, approved manual material, markings, and placards, or any combination thereof.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.3(b)
In an in-flight emergency requiring immediate action, the pilot in command may deviate from any rule of this part to the extent required to meet that emergency.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.119(b)
Except when necessary for takeoff or landing, no person may operate an aircraft below the following altitudes: ... Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement, or over any open air assembly of persons, an altitude of 1,000 feet above the highest obstacle within a horizontal radius of 2,000 feet of the aircraft.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.103(b)
Each pilot in command shall, before beginning a flight, become familiar with all available information concerning that flight. This information must include-- For any flight, runway lengths at airports of intended use, and the following takeoff and landing distance information: ... appropriate to the aircraft, relating to aircraft performance under expected values of airport elevation and runway slope, aircraft gross weight, and wind and temperature.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.107(a)
No pilot may take off a U.S.-registered civil aircraft ... unless each person on board is briefed on how to fasten and unfasten that person's safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness. No pilot may cause to be moved on the surface, take off, or land ... unless each person on board has been notified to fasten his or her safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness. ... each person on board ... must occupy an approved seat or berth with a safety belt and, if installed, shoulder harness, properly secured about him or her during movement on the surface, takeoff, and landing.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.203(a)
no person may operate a civil aircraft unless it has within it the following: An appropriate and current airworthiness certificate. An effective U.S. registration certificate.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.209(a)
No person may: During the period from sunset to sunrise (or, in Alaska, during the period a prominent unlighted object cannot be seen from a distance of 3 statute miles or the sun is more than 6 degrees below the horizon)-- Operate an aircraft unless it has lighted position lights.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.303
No person may operate an aircraft in aerobatic flight-- Over any congested area of a city, town, or settlement; Over an open air assembly of persons; Within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace designated for an airport; Within 4 nautical miles of the center line of any Federal airway; Below an altitude of 1,500 feet above the surface; or When flight visibility is less than 3 statute miles.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.409(a)
no person may operate an aircraft unless, within the preceding 12 calendar months, it has had-- An annual inspection in accordance with part 43 of this chapter and has been approved for return to service by a person authorized by Sec. 43.7 of this chapter.

Answer C is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.403(a)
The owner or operator of an aircraft is primarily responsible for maintaining that aircraft in an airworthy condition, including compliance with part 39 (Airworthiness Directives) of this chapter.

Answer B is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.409(b)
... no person may operate an aircraft carrying any person (other than a crewmember) for hire, and no person may give flight instruction for hire in an aircraft which that person provides, unless within the preceding 100 hours of time in service the aircraft has received an annual or 100-hour inspection ... The 100-hour limitation may be exceeded by not more than 10 hours while en route to reach a place where the inspection can be done. The excess time used to reach a place where the inspection can be done must be included in computing the next 100 hours of time in service.

Answer A is correct. Part 91 General Operating and Flight Rules, Section 91.407(b)
No person may carry any person (other than crewmembers) in an aircraft that has been maintained, rebuilt, or altered in a manner that may have appreciably changed its flight characteristics or substantially affected its operation in flight until ... at least a private pilot ... flies the aircraft, makes an operational check ..., and logs the flight in the aircraft records.

Answer A is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.2
Serious injury means any injury which: requires hospitalization for more than 48 hrs.; results in a fracture of any bone (except ... fingers, toes, or nose); causes severe hemorrhages, nerve, muscle, or tendon damage; involves any internal organ; involves second or third degree burns or any burns affecting more than 5 percent of the body surface.

Answer A is correct. NTSB 830 Rules, Section 830.5(a)(b)
The operator of any civil aircraft ... shall immediately ... notify the nearest NTSB field office when: An aircraft accident or any of the following incidents occur: Flight control system malfunction or failure; Inability of ... flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties ...; In-flight fire; Aircraft collide in flight; Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 ...; An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.

Answer B is correct. AC 61-23 Pilotís Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Page 9-3
The absorption of nicotine into the blood causes a corresponding drop in blood oxygen saturation and will lead to hypoxia.

Answer C is correct. FAA-H-8083-25 Pilotís Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge, Page 15-6
If symptoms of motion sickness are experienced during a lesson, opening the fresh air vents, focusing on objects outside the airplane, and avoiding unnecessary head movements may help alleviate some of the discomfort.

Answer B is correct. AIM Aeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 8-1-2(d)(2)
The recommended waiting time before going to flight altitudes of up to 8,000 feet is at least 12 hours after diving which has not required controlled ascent, and at least 24 hours after diving which required controlled ascent. The waiting time before going to flight altitudes above 8,000 feet should be at least 24 hours after any SCUBA dive.

Answer A is correct. AIM Aeronautical Information Manual, Paragraph 8-1-3(a)
Hyperventilation, or an abnormal increase in the volume of air breathed in and out of the lungs, can occur subconsciously when a stressful situation is encountered in flight. As hyperventilation "blows off" excess carbon dioxide from the body, a pilot can experience symptoms of lightheadedness, suffocation, drowsiness, tingling in the extremities and coolness.


© 2005 Jim D. Burch 602-942-2734 jdburch@att.net